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Gross Private Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Can the Global Financial Cycle Be Tamed?

by Erlend Nier & Tahsin Saadi Sedik

This paper assesses empirically the key drivers of private capital flows to a large sample of emerging market economies in the last decade. It analyzes the effect of the global financial cycle, measured by the...


Designing a Fiscal Framework for a Prospective Commodity Producer: Options for Lebanon

by Mariusz Jarmuzek & Diego Mesa Puyo

Lebanon is expected to have gas resources in its Mediterranean basin, and these could turn the country into a natural gas producer over the next decade. Lebanon's economy and institutions will thus need to adapt...


Official Financial Flows, Capital Mobility, and Global Imbalances

by Tamim Bayoumi & Joseph E. Gagnon

We use a cross-country panel framework to analyze the effect of net official flows (chiefly foreign exchange intervention) on current accounts. We find that net official flows have a large but plausible effect...


Financial Frictions and Sources of Business Cycle

by Marzie Taheri Sanjani

This paper estimates a New Keynesian DSGE model with an explicit financial intermediary sector. Having measures of financial stress, such as the spread between lending and borrowing, enables the model to capture...


Kenya : 2014 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Kenya

by International Monetary Fund. Afri Dept.

KEY ISSUES Context: Kenya has embarked on major reforms in line with the 2010 constitution. The new government has started the process of devolution at a fast pace, introducing a reporting framework that allows...


Global Risks and Collective Action Failures: What Can the International Community Do?

by Inci Otker-Robe

Abstract What do climate change, global financial crises, pandemics, and fragility and conflict have in common? They are all examples of global risks that can cross geographical and generational boundaries and...


Portugal : Fiscal Transparency Evaluation

by International Monetary Fund. Fisc Dept.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Portugal�s practices meet most of the principles of the revised Fiscal Transparency Code at good or advanced levels. A number of areas still present practices at a basic level, but in...


Regulating Capital Flows at Both Ends: Does it Work?

by Atish R. Ghosh & Mahvash Saeed Qureshi

This paper examines whether cross-border capital flows can be regulated by imposing capital account restrictions (CARs) in both source and recipient countries, as was originally advocated by John Maynard Keynes...


Determinants of Financial Market Spillovers: The Role of Portfolio Diversification, Trade, Home Bias, and Concentration

by Yoko Shinagawa

This paper defines financial market spillovers as the comovement between two countries? financial markets and analyzes financial market spillovers over the period 2001-12 through four channels: bilateral portfolio...


Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) Selected Issues

by International Monetary Fund. Afri Dept.

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after...


Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy :

by Paolo Giordani & Nadia Rocha

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price...


Unraveling the Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism in Sri Lanka

by Manuk Ghazanchyan

In this paper we examine the channels through which innovations to policy variables- policy rates or monetary aggregates-affect such macroeconomic variables as output and inflation in Sri Lanka. The effectiveness...


India Unbound

by Gurcharan Das

India today is a vibrant free-market democracy, a nation well on its way to overcoming decades of widespread poverty. The nation’s rise is one of the great international stories of the late twentieth century,...


Liberia: Ad Hoc Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Request for Augmentation of Access and Modification of Performance Criteria-

by International Monetary Fund. Afri Dept.

KEY ISSUES Background. With the highest number of new and cumulative Ebola cases recorded to date, Liberia is the country most affected by the epidemic in West Africa. In addition to exacting a heavy human toll,...


Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, October 2014

by International Monetary Fund. Midd Dept.

This issue discusses economic developments in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP), which continue to reflect the diversity of conditions prevailing across the region. Most high-income...


Guyana: 2013 Article IV Consultation - Staff Report; Press Release

by International Monetary Fund. West Dept.

The economy has experienced seven consecutive years of robust growth, buoyed by high commodity prices, foreign direct investment and expansion of private sector credit. As part of a strategy to sustain growth,...


How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

by Julio Escolano & Laura Jaramillo

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question,...


St. Kitts and Nevis : Ninth and Final Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Proposa

by International Monetary Fund. West Dept.

KEY ISSUES Stand-By Arrangement (SBA): The 36-month SBA for SDR 52.51 million (590 percent of quota) was approved on July 27, 2011. The seventh and eighth reviews were completed on March 19, 2014, together with...


Saudi Arabia: 2014 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Press Release

by International Monetary Fund. Midd Dept.

KEY ISSUES Context. Saudi Arabia's economy has grown very strongly in recent years, benefitting from high oil prices and output, strong private sector activity, and government spending. It has played a systemic...


Sri Lanka : 2014 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussion-Staff Report; Press Release

by International Monetary Fund. Asia Dept

KEY ISSUES Context. Macroeconomic performance has generally exceeded expectations. Real GDP grew 7.3 percent for 2013, up from 6.3 percent in 2012. Inflation declined to below 5 percent, and the external current...